Communalism: indian independence movement and india muslim league communalism is a belief that all those who have a common religion also have, as a result, common social, political, cultural and economic interests and identities it is a notion that religion forms the base of the society and a basic unit of division and that it is religion which determines all other interests of its adherents. The above factors, communalism is raising its ugly face in india after the independence and also creating great problems even in the working of indian political system solution : communalism is the product of a particular situation of a particular society, economic and polity. In india, there has been one strain of thinking in the discourse on communalism that not only lays emphasis on providing evidence of what is called ‘minority communalism’, it even equates minority communalism with majority communalism, and, in fact, sometimes goes even further than that in articulating that majority hindu communalism is a.
But india is becoming more nationalist and more authoritarian vale of darkness: buffeted by both india and pakistan, it is the kashmiris who suffer most jul 20th 2017, 2:44 from print edition. Census and the construction of communalism in india this introduction of some type of census of population was the concern over the extent of poverty and resultant poor relief. Thus, in india, another paradigm or what pandey calls a “master narrative” of hindu-muslim “communalism” exists to explain all riots in which both hindus and muslims have been involved and quite a few in which no trace of “communalism” can be found in the historical record of particular incidents.
Orientalism and india jukka jouhki phd introduction ”oh, east is east, and west is west, and never the twain shall meet” (rudyard kipling, the ballad of east and west) in his much quoted verse above rudyard kipling revealed something of the nucleus of the long-lived tradition of orientalist thought. Nb – this essay was written 26 years ago, in the aftermath of the 1984 carnage of sikhs in new delhi it was my first attempt at arguing that communalism was india’s version of nazism, and that it was a singular phenomenon with different religious (and mutually influential) expressions, rather than an arithmetic total of separately existing communalisms. In india, the origin and growth of communalism can be traced to the pre- independence days and the policy of 'divide and rule' adopted by our british rulers in the first was of independence in 1857, all the indians-hindus and muslims had united to throw the british rulers. An important factor that popularized communalism in india was the lack of education and economic progress within the muslim population british influence in india emphasized science and more.
Hindutva phenomenon today is the real example of communalism in india hindutva in its ideology and practice is communal and fundamental – anti-muslim, anti-christian, and anti-communists hindutva denotes the majority communalism, while there are also minority communalisms. In india, communalism generally implies religious conflicts the existence of such communities in a place is a matter of no great concern by itself however, communalism becomes a problem when the communities develop an aversion to one another in certain areas an indulge in repeated clashes. Introduction: communalism is defined as a theory of a society that is divided into several small, independent communes and the state is just a confederation of these communes it is sometimes said to put the interests of the community above the interests of the individual. Indian cinema and communalism essay from its very beginnings the film industry has been a tool to entertain people - indian cinema and communalism essay introduction this revolutionary medium has affected our lives, our society and our social system a lot.
Religion and politics in contemporary india the complexities of secularism and communalism sekine yasumasa introduction in august 1947, india was finally freed from its prolonged era under british colonial rule, winning independence, albeit as a self-governing member of the british commonwealth. Some important causes of communalism are given below: (a) design of the leaders: proponents of this view hold that communalism has flourished in india, because the communalist leaders of both the hindu and muslim communities desire to flourish it, in the interest of their communities. Positive role of caste in indian politics prior to the introduction of the universal adult franchise in india, it was mostly the individuals from the higher caste who were politically active however, the franchise system in india brought in the importance of numbers in india. Chapter i introduction communalism in india has a long history and is wrongly seen as a problem primarily between hindus and muslims to begin with, therefore, it is 15 see, for example, gyanendra pandey, the construction of communalism in colonial north india (delhi, oup, 1990), p 110.
Communalism in india 1 communalism in india introduction communalism, is referred in the western world as a “theory or system of government in which virtually autonomous local communities are loosely in federation. Communalism is the term used in india, and more generally throughout south asia, to denote the politics of religious sectarianism communal politics in india and pakistan are premised on one fundamental assumption: that india is a society fractured into two overarching religious communities – hindus and muslims. Communalism in india - introduction economic modernization of meiji japan political modernization of meiji japan plantation economy and slavery in america communalism in modern india communalism was not a british creation rather it was the result of a combination of a variety of factors.
This book charts the history of the term communalism and the politics and attitudes it seeks to encapsulate while attending closely to the social, economic, and political issues underlying hindu and muslim struggles, it investigates and meanings different participants in the sectarian politics of the period attached to these politics it is a part of a larger exercise aimed at understanding. Keywords: communalism, communal conflict, hindu–muslim relations, colonial north india, indian society oxford scholarship online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Ram puniyani (born 25 august 1945) is a former professor of biomedical engineering and former senior medical officer affiliated with the indian institute of technology bombay he began his medical career in 1973 and served iit in various capacities for 27 years, beginning 1977. This book examines conflict and violence among religious minorities and the implication on the idea of citizenship in contemporary india going beyond the usual hindu-muslim question, it situates communalism in the context of conflicts between muslims and christians.